The Primary Language Curriculum is for teachers of children of all abilities in all school contexts. The school contexts for this curriculum include English-medium schools, Gaeltacht schools, Irish-medium schools and special schools. The first five sections—Introduction, Rationale, Aims, Strands and elements and, Planning, teaching and assessing for learning, are for teachers of children in all eight primary years. Section 6—English and Irish: Stages 1 and 2, is for teachers of children in the junior primary years, i.e., stage 1, which refers to junior and senior infant classes and stage 2 which refers to first and second classes. In this curriculum, ‘stage’ has replaced ‘level’ in the 1999 curriculum. This change responds to the challenge of using ‘level’ to refer both to a curriculum stage and to a child’s achievement.