Oral Language: Progression Continuum
Welcome to the Oral Language Progression Continuum. This Continuum reflects the reality that children come to school with different language experiences, are at different places in their language-learning journey, and develop at different rates, particularly children with special educational needs and children in the early years of primary school.
Below you can find the Milestones (a-h) of the Oral Language Progression Continuum. These describe important points in language learning. Click on to look at Examples of children’s language learning and development at that Milestone. Click on , and look at Progression Steps to help with your classroom planning.
You can use the left-hand navigation bar to filter by stage, language and strand to look at other Progression Continua.
For each strand of the Primary Language Curriculum—oral language, reading and writing—there is a continuum (map) of Progression Milestones and detailed Progression Steps involved in children’s language learning and development. The Continuum supports teachers in planning and teaching, especially when teaching children with a wide range of abilities.
Using the continuum
There are three Progression Continua - oral language, reading and writing. Each continuum consists of eight milestones (a-h), which describe, in broad terms, children's language learning and development for stages 1 and 2, using an arrow for each stage. Most children will have reached Milestone a before beginning Junior Infants. Milestone h is intended to support high-achieving children in second class. Which milestone teachers start with is dictated by the level of ability of the children in their class.
Using the Progression Continuum, teachers can identify the milestones children are at and plan the next steps in children's language learning journeys. Each milestone has a number of Progression Steps which recognise children's achievements and support teachers' planning. The steps describe what children's learning and development looks and sounds like as they move along the continuum towards achieving the Learning Outcomes. In this way, the Progression Continua and Examples enable teachers to support children with a wide range of abilities across a range of contexts.