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Communicating

Learning Outcome
number and label

Stage 1: Junior and senior infants
(Progression Milestones a-e)
Through appropriately playful learning experiences, children should be able to*

Stage 2: First and second classes
(Progression Milestones d-h)
Children should be able to*

1. Engagement, listening and attention
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  1. Show interest in, demonstrate joint attention and actively listen for enjoyment and for a particular purpose.

    • Progression Continuum
    • Support Material for teachers
    • Examples of children’s language learning and development
    • Transferable skills

2. and 3. Social conventions and awareness of others
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  1. Recognise that language style changes with different relationships and audiences and show understanding of the listener’s needs while initiating, sustaining and engaging in conversations on personal and curriculum-based topics and responding non-verbally and verbally.

    • Progression Continuum
    • Support Material for teachers
    • Examples of children’s language learning and development
    • Transferable skills
  2. Use social conventions of language appropriately in order to initiate, sustain and engage readily in conversations on personal and curriculum-based topics and use a language style and tone suited to the audience.

    • Progression Continuum
    • Support Material for teachers
    • Examples of children’s language learning and development
    • Transferable skills
  1. Use language with confidence to work collaboratively with others and share the Learning Outcomes with familiar and unfamiliar audiences.

    • Progression Continuum
    • Support Material for teachers
    • Examples of children’s language learning and development
    • Transferable skills

Understanding

Learning Outcome
number and label

Stage 1: Junior and senior infants
(Progression Milestones a-e)
Through appropriately playful learning experiences, children should be able to*

Stage 2: First and second classes
(Progression Milestones d-h)
Children should be able to*

4. Sentence structure and grammar
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  1. Use coherent sentences of increasing complexity with correct tense, word order and sentence structure, while using connectives and producing compound and complex sentences to elaborate appropriately. 

    • Progression Continuum
    • Support Material for teachers
    • Examples of children’s language learning and development
    • Transferable skills

5. and 6. Acquisition and use of vocabulary
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  1. Use different strategies such as a speaker’s gestures, tone of voice, known words, pictures, sentence structure, definitions and descriptions to acquire and show understanding of new words. 

    • Progression Continuum
    • Support Material for teachers
    • Examples of children’s language learning and development
    • Transferable skills
  1. Use sophisticated oral vocabulary and phrases including the language of text, topic and subject-specific language, and express and use decontextualized language.

    • Progression Continuum
    • Support Material for teachers
    • Examples of children’s language learning and development
    • Transferable skills

7. Demonstration of understanding
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  1. Demonstrate understanding through the ability to give and follow instructions, comprehend narratives and explanations, and clearly state a case including speculating, hypothesising, justifying, negotiating, arguing and complaining. 

    • Progression Continuum
    • Support Material for teachers
    • Examples of children’s language learning and development
    • Transferable skills
    • CCustom.PrimaryTranslate

Exploring and using

Learning Outcome
number and label

Stage 1: Junior and senior infants
(Progression Milestones a-e)
Through appropriately playful learning experiences, children should be able to*

Stage 2: First and second classes
(Progression Milestones d-h)
Children should be able to*

8 and 9. Requests and questions
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  1. Express personal needs and preferences, and make requests with confidence. 

    • Progression Continuum
    • Support Material for teachers
    • Examples of children’s language learning and development
    • Transferable skills
  1. Ask and answer a variety of open and closed questions to seek help, get information, develop understanding, clarify and extend thinking.

    • Progression Continuum
    • Support Material for teachers
    • Examples of children’s language learning and development
    • Transferable skills

10. Categorisation
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  1. Name, describe and categorise people, objects, and experiences showing increasing depth of knowledge and improved understanding.

    • Progression Continuum
    • Support Material for teachers
    • Examples of children’s language learning and development
    • Transferable skills

11. Retelling and elaborating
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  1. Tell and retell stories and personal and procedural narratives of increasing complexity to familiar and unfamiliar audiences using appropriate sequencing, tense and oral vocabulary.

    • Progression Continuum
    • Support Material for teachers
    • Examples of children’s language learning and development
    • Transferable skills

12. Playful and creative use of language
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  1. Listen and respond to the aesthetic, imaginative and creative aspects of language and use language playfully and creatively.

    • Progression Continuum
    • Support Material for teachers
    • Examples of children’s language learning and development
    • Transferable skills

13. Information giving, explanation and justification
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  1. Supply, explain and justify points of information to familiar and unfamiliar audiences using topic-specific language.

    • Progression Continuum
    • Support Material for teachers
    • Examples of children’s language learning and development

14. Description, prediction and reflection
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  1. Describe, predict and reflect upon actions, events and processes relating to real and imaginary contexts.

    • Progression Continuum
    • Support Material for teachers
    • Examples of children’s language learning and development