Expectations for Students

Expectations for students is an umbrella term that links learning outcomes with annotated examples of student work in the subject or short course specification. When teachers, students or parents looking at the online specification scroll through the learning outcomes, a link will sometimes be available to examples of work associated with a specific learning outcome or with a group of learning outcomes. The examples of student work will have been selected to illustrate expectations and will have been annotated by teachers. The examples will include work that is

  • exceptional
  • above expectations
  • in line with expectations.

The purpose of the examples of student work is to show the extent to which the learning outcomes are being realised in actual cases. Annotated examples of student work judged by teachers will be included alongside the specification.

Learning outcomes
Learning outcomes are statements that describe the understanding, skills and values students should be able to demonstrate after a period of learning. Junior cycle Visual Art is offered at a common level. The examples of student work linked to learning outcomes will offer commentary and insights that support differentiation. The learning outcomes set out in the following tables apply to all students. As set out here they represent outcomes for students at the end of their three years of study. The learning outcomes are for three years and therefore the learning outcomes focused on at a point in time will not have been ‘completed’ but will continue to support the students’ learning in Visual Art up to the end of junior cycle.

To support the exploration of the learning outcomes by teachers, parents and students, a glossary of the action verbs used in the specification is included in Appendix D. The outcomes are numbered within each strand. The numbering is intended to support teacher planning in the first instance and does not imply any hierarchy of importance across the outcomes themselves, nor does it suggest an order to which the learning outcomes should be developed in class.

Strand 1: Art

Students learn about

Students should be able to

1. Critical and visual language
  1. 1.1

    analyse their work, or that of another, using appropriate vocabulary and knowledge

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  2. 1.2

    respond to an artwork using critical and visual language

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  3. 1.3

    critique an artwork using critical and visual language

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2. Drawing
  1. 1.4

    demonstrate how they use drawing to observe, record and analyse the human figure and the world around them

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  2. 1.5

    interpret the world and communicate ideas through visual means

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  3. 1.6

    use drawings to communicate their personal outlook or understanding

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3. Visual culture and appreciation
  1. 1.7

    examine the method of a number of artists and the artwork they created

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  2. 1.8

    discuss examples of historical and contemporary visual art

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  3. 1.9

    debate the value that they and society place on an artwork

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4. The art elements and design principles
  1. 1.10

    identify the use of art elements and design principles within an artwork

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  2. 1.11

    consider the use of the art elements and design principles in their own artwork

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  3. 1.12

    apply their understanding of the art elements and design principles to make an artwork

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5. Media
  1. 1.13

    identify media which are used to create artwork

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  2. 1.14

    use media to create their own artwork

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  3. 1.15

    critique the choice of media in their own or others’ artwork

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Strand 2: Craft

Students learn about

Students should be able to

1. Critical and visual language
  1. 2.1

    identify and use the critical and visual language associated with more than one type of craft

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  2. 2.2

    interrogate and communicate ideas about different crafts using critical and visual language

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  3. 2.3

    reflect on their own, or another's, craftwork through the use of critical and visual language
    Drawing

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2. Drawing
  1. 2.4

    show they can use their drawings to observe, record and analyse

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  2. 2.5

    develop their ideas for craftwork through drawing

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  3. 2.6

    investigate their own personal approach to craftwork through the technical and creative application of drawing and mark-making

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3. Visual culture and appreciation
  1. 2.7

    identify the historical or contemporary skills and materials used in craft works from a number of different crafts

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  2. 2.8

    interpret the narrative, symbols and functions used in craftwork from their own and other world cultures

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  3. 2.9

    assess the visual culture references that are incorporated into craftwork/s

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4. The art elements and design principles
  1. 2.10

    describe art elements and design principles as they are used across a number of different crafts

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  2. 2.11

    research the use of art elements and design principles in historical and contemporary craftwork from their own and other cultures

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  3. 2.12

    justify the choice of art elements and design principles in their own or others’ craftwork

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5. Media
  1. 2.13

    identify the role of media in the development of craftwork

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  2. 2.14

    use media to create craftwork

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  3. 2.15

    justify the choice of media in their own or others’ craftwork

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Strand 3: Design

Students learn about

Students should be able to

1. Critical and visual language
  1. 3.1

    use critical and visual language to describe diverse design work

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  2. 3.2

    use critical and visual language to explain their own designs and those of others

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  3. 3.3

    respond to and critique works of design using appropriate visual language

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2. Drawing
  1. 3.4

    interpret a design brief and represent this through their drawings

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  2. 3.5

    experiment with design ideas through research and analytical drawing

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  3. 3.6

    design a final work based on their drawings

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3. Visual culture and appreciation
  1. 3.7

    describe examples of historical and contemporary design

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  2. 3.8

    discuss historical and contemporary design practices

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  3. 3.9

    justify the design concepts made by historical and contemporary designers

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4. The art elements and design principles
  1. 3.10

    explain the use of art elements and design principles in examples of design work

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  2. 3.11

    examine their own and others’ design work through the use of art elements and design principles

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  3. 3.12

    assess their own and others’ design work using their knowledge of art elements and design principles

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5. Media
  1. 3.13

    describe the use of media in examples of design work

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  2. 3.14

    utilise media in their own design work based on a design brief

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  3. 3.15

    justify design concepts and the use of media in their own or others’ work

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